Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Hebrew Studies and Lexicons

As I continue to research and study more into the Hebrew language of the Old Testament. I found even more links to share and save to help everyone in there studies as well. I hope you all have as much fun as I do with yet even more links.

An English-Hebrew lexicon, being a complete verbal index to Gesenius' Hebrew lexicon (1877)

Dictionary of the Targumim, The Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, by Marcus Jastrow (1926)

A Hebrew and English lexicon of the Old Testament : with an appendix containing the biblical Aramaic (1906)

An English and Hebrew lexicon composed after Johnson's directory, containing fifteen thousand English words, rendered into Biblical, or rabbinical Hebrew, or into Chaldee. To which is annexed a list of English and Hebrew words the expressions and meanings of which appear to be the same in both languages (1832)

Hebrew vocabularies : lists of the most frequently occurring Hebrew words (1898, c1890)

A Concise Dictionary of Hebrew Philosophical Terms


dictionary of Semitic roots Hebrew, Arabic

A handbook to Old Testament Hebrew : containing an elementary grammar of the language : with reading lessons, notes on many scripture passages and copious exercises (1921)

Ancient Hebrew & Biblical Hebrew


Monday, December 9, 2013

Oldest Hebrew Texts of the Torah and Old Testament

There are many Old Testament and Torah fragments and full scrolls found throughout the ages. 
Many question why not older. Here is the reason why.

Apart from form, Jewish tradition always preferred the use of scrolls over codices for Torah Reading in synagogues. Due to their sacred nature, centuries-old scrolls are extremely rare since Jewish tradition requires defective and worn out scrolls to be buried or put away in sealed rooms, a unique process called geniza. In addition, while a codex can contain the whole of the Old Testament, a Torah scroll will always have only the five Books of Moses – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

You can read more of what they found here. 

The 'Rediscovery' of the Oldest Torah Scroll

Tuesday, June 04, 2013 |  Tsvi Sadan  

You can also see the Dead Sea Scroll now Online. For those that are curious about all that. 

Hebrew is the most common language, though a small number of scrolls are written in Aramaic, and a few in Greek. The most common script is the Jewish script, also called the "Assyrian" or "square" script, which was widely used from the sixth century BCE on. However, about 14 biblical scrolls are written in the ancient Hebrew script, and many texts use a cryptographic script, combining mirror writing and a mixture of Jewish, ancient Hebrew, and Greek scripts.

A Sefer Torah in the Bologna Library May Be the Oldest Known Torah Scroll

While compiling a catalog of Hebrew manuscripts held at the library, Perani recognized that the script on the nearly 120-foot-long scroll was significantly older than its catalog date. Furthermore, the scroll did not follow scribal standards established at the turn of the 13th century by Maimonides, the foremost intellectual figure of medieval Judaism. The paleographic analysis was followed by carbon-14 tests at the University of Salento and the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, which confirmed the 12–13th-century date.

More information on various text found here. 

The Leningrad Codex

The Leningrad Codex, or Leningradensis, is the oldest complete Hebrew bible still preserved. While there are older parts of Bibles, or biblical books, still in existence, there is no older manuscript which contains the whole Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament in Hebrew). The Leningrad Codex is considered one of the best examples of the Masoretic text.

How Old is the Manuscript?

The manuscript was written around the year 1010 C. E. It was probably written in Cairo, and later sold to someone living in Damascus. 

And of course don't forget this one. 

Codex Sinaiticus

Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. Its heavily corrected text is of outstanding importance for the history of the Bible and the manuscript – the oldest substantial book to survive Antiquity – is of supreme importance for the history of the book. [Find out more about Codex Sinaiticus.]

I will be posting a lot more here soon, I just wanted to get all this started for now. 

Friday, June 21, 2013

Hebrew Lexicons and Translations

I'm posting up a few more links here for some of the Hebrew Lexicon Translation site I have found here as well. Those who are into studying much deeper be sure to follow this blog because more links will be added here very soon.

This is a pdf file online. A lexicon that provides many of the Hebrew 
Words for those who know what they are looking for.

This is another site the may or may not help in knowing more of the background of the 
Hebrew Language, and also help learn the language a bit easier. 

One of my favorites that I use all the time. If your on your computer you may 
need to download the font. 
Provides both Hebrew and Greek. 

This link provide the more of the Hebrew fonts of the words for a deeper study.

This provides a side by side translation, Not sure on the accuacy yet. 
But also good to see the Hebrew. 

Some more information and History on more of the hebrew documents and manuscripts.

More links to some of the oldest Hebrew texts in the World. 

Thursday, February 18, 2010

Greek Texts Online

If your into really digging deep into the Greek manuscripts you may like a few of these sites to go to as well. There are so many ways to see the original texts, but as always. I like to see the originals which I posted here at this link.


Greek New Testament

αμαθεστατε και κακε, αφες τον παλαιον, μη μεταποιει

(Fool and knave, can't you leave the old reading alone and not alter it!)

Greek Texts Online

bibelwissenschaft.de. Website of the German Bible Society.
The Online Parallel Bible Project. By John Isett.
The Unbound Bible. At Biola University. The Greek New Testament in four different editions
The Online Greek Bible. A very pleasantly designed site that presents the Nestle-Aland
Greek New Testament. By Tony Fisher. The Nestle-Aland
Olive Tree Greek New Testament. Search four different editions of the Greek New Testament
Greek New Testament Editions in downloadable zipped files
The New Testament in the Original Greek: Byzantine Textform, edited by Maurice Robinson
Bible Database Online Bibles. By Brent Maurer.
The text of S.P. Tregelles can be downloaded in one large file from the website of Tyndale House
The texts of Westcott and Hort (1881), Scrivener (1894), and Stephanus (1550)
 blog it

Friday, October 16, 2009

Greek and Hebrew Study pages.

I wanted to add some quick references and links to studying Greek and Hebrew. I get many comments. It's all Greek to me.

So I'm going to list a few links here just in case your wondering how to translate all this.

For Greek Studies for the New Testament




For some Hebrew Studies of the Old Testament




I may be adding more here soon.

Monday, July 6, 2009

Actual Greek Manuscripts Online to see.

Finally, The New Testament Documents or Online. Yes you can see study and even translate the actually documents and Manuscripts right online.

So many people have been waiting for this to happen and its finally here. These texts have been in the hands of others who have devoted their own time and energy to translate these into all languages around the Globe.

Now the general public has complete access to these 1,600 year old manuscripts so they can even sit down and study them and if your like me translated them yourself. It is very fun to do and very insightful. With all the people running around saying where is the proof? It right here.

Many people have died and been killed just for trying to get these out to the general public just so they can read it for themselves. To see this online and the actual photographs of these pages is such a great site to see. If you really love to study the Bible this is going to make you so happy.


Codex Sinaiticus

Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. Its heavily corrected text is of outstanding importance for the history of the Bible and the manuscript – the oldest substantial book to survive Antiquity – is of supreme importance for the history of the book.


The Codex Sinaiticus Project is an international collaboration to reunite the entire manuscript in digital form and make it accessible to a global audience for the first time. Drawing on the expertise of leading scholars, conservators and curators, the Project gives everyone the opportunity to connect directly with this famous manuscript.


This is the first release of the Codex Sinaiticus Project website. This website will be substantially updated in November 2008 and in July 2009, by when the website will have been fully developed.


Check it all out here!

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